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Mandarin Glossary – Business

for Public Service Interpreting

 

A
Accident Insurance意外保险
Accrued产生
Actio in Rem

see execution in rem and property

In rem in immovable

物权诉讼

参考:权执及不物权诉讼

Additional Charges附加费
Adjudicate, to (to award)作出判决(判给、发给)
Admin Council on the Employee’s Guarantee

Fund

雇员保金管委员
Administrative Council on the Land Bank

Program

土地储计划理委员会
Airbill空运单
Allocation for indemnity

(or compensation)

弥偿保

(或补偿金)

AntiFraud Squad反欺诈专组
Approval (authorization)批准(授权)
Arrears Interest欠款利息
Assets and Liabilities资产及负债
Auction [procurement]拍卖[取得]
Auctions (2) (Internet)拍卖(2) (互联网)
Audit

see internal audit

审核

参考:部审核

Automobile, life and property insurances,寿及物
Award, to

(Tendering)

发给、

(投标)

Award Notice

(Tendering)

裁决通告

(投标)

 

B
B2B (back to basics)返回基本
B2B (Business to Business)B2B (企业到企业商务)
B2C (Business to Consumer)B2C (企业到消费的商)
B2R (back to reality)返回现实
Backup withholding预扣税
Balance (end of year)结余(年度结余、年结)
Balance (quarter)结余(季度结余)
Bargain议价
Before the ICMS taxesICMS税前
Benefits in kind

(accounting)

实物利益

(会计)

Bill of lading提单
Bipolar Politics双极政治
Blacklisted列入黑名单
BlueChip蓝筹
BlueChip (companies)蓝筹(
BlueChip (shares)蓝筹(
Board of Directors董事局
Body团体
Bonds issued

see participation bonds

发行债券

参考:同发债券

Book divided into 3 values/volumes分为三的书本
Boom繁荣、剧增
Borrower借款人
Branch分行、支机
Branch office分行、支机办事
Breakeven

(Stock Exchange)

收支平衡

(证劵易)

Broker经纪人
Building Agreement / contract

see Specification book and Specification Agreement

建筑物合约

参考:格说书及

Building Insurance建筑物产险
Building Society建房互/银行
Business and individuals企业与个人
Business Plan企业计划
Business Reply Mail商业回

 

C
Capital injection资金注入
Captive Insurance专属自
Carried out执行
Cash Commodities现金商品
Cash-flow现金流量
Cash Market现金市场
CDMA (Code division multiple access)码分多(在无线通讯上使用的技术)
Chief Executive Officer (CEO)行政总裁
Cold War冷战
Commodities商品
Commodities & Futures Exchange商品与货交易所
Competition

(procurement)

竞争

(采购)

Competitive bidding

(procurement)

投标竞争

(采购)

Competitive taxes有竞争的税
Congenerous Institutions同类机构
Consortium联合企业
Construed

(in contracts)

解释

(合约内)

Contents Insurance内容保险
Contest

(procurement)

争辩

(采购)

Contract Program

(Tendering)

合约计划

(投标)

Contract Proposal

(Tendering)

合约建、合建议

(投标)

Contractor

Successful Tenderer

承包人承包

中标人

Convention

agreement, treaty, formality

公约

合约、约、式手续

Conversion of leasing in banks银行内赁转
Copyright版权
Corporate Body企业团、法
Corporate company企业公、法
Corporate Income Tax

see Income Tax

企业所税、团所得税

参考:得税

Corporate Law企业法公司
Corresponding/Agreeing Period/
Corruption

(to consolidate corruption)

贪污

(将贪综合)

Cost-plus contracting

(procurement)

成本累

(采购)

Co-Venturers合资者
Credit card and financial areas信用卡金融领域
Credit Life Insurance信用人寿
Credit Purchase (additions) (增补)
Critical Phase displacement

Out of phase

关键阶位移

不协调不同、不

Crosscountry越野的横越
Currently目前
Corruption贪污
Customer Integrated Register客户集登记

 

D
Daily evolution

(Stock Exchange)

每日演化

(证劵易)

Data Centres数据中心
Data Protection Agency数据保
Debt overhang债务积压
Deed契据
Delegation of Powers权力转授
Deregulation

(open industry to private competition)

解除管

(行业开让人企

Direct Mail直接邮寄
Director General局长、处长
Disposable income

net get home

可支配收入

净收入

Domiciliation agreement or accommodation address

agreement that allows you to register your firm/business at the address of someone else

定居协 宿

让您可使用他地址注册您公司企业

Down-regulation向下调、负
Due date for Payment付款到期日
Dumping Ground垃圾堆场、销市

 

E
Ecatalogues电子产
Ecommerce电子商务
Economy of scale规模经济
Effective Partnership有效合作
Emarketplace电子市场
Emergent Markets Label新兴市
Emerges崛起、露头
Enabling institution授权机构
End proposal collection systems最终方收集系统
Enforceable decision可强制行决
Entered into on (date)

contracts, minutes, etc

订定 (日期)

合约、议记、等等

Eprocurement电子采购
Equity股权
Escrow交由第方保三方托管)
Escrow agent交由第方保理人
Escrow service交由第方保服务
Escrow transaction交由第方保交易
Escrowed funds交由第的资资金
Estate Agent地产中介
Estate Manager遗产管人、业管, 物业经理
Exchanges

(in B2B)

交易、兑换

(在企业到业的务模)

Exploitation,开发
Execution

see performance

实施、, 执行

参考:绩表现

Execution in Rem

see action in rem and In rem in immovable property

物权执行

参考:物诉及不物权诉讼

Executive Board, the

See General Management

执行委员会

参考:合管理

Executive Powers行政权执行、行理权

 

F
Fee Adjustments费用调整
Feeder market直属市, 接驳市场
Financial Gearing财务传(杠)作
Financial group财务团体
Financial Hiring财务招聘
Financial Reporting财务报告
Financing融资
Fines and associated penalties罚款及关处
First Mortgage第一抵押权
First rank bank一级银行
Fixed Assets / PPE固定资(PPE又称厂房)
Food vouchers

(food allowance)

食品凭, 餐券

(食物

Foreign Trade外贸
Franchiser franchised经销商代销、特营者 予以特许经营权
Frantic Scramble疯狂上扬
Fresh thinking energised youth新鲜思活力青年
Fringe benefits

(eg. Company Cars, private health plans, etc)

附带福、附

(例如公司车、健计划等等)

Funded资助

 

G
GDP (Gross Domestic Product)GDP (国内生产总值)
General Damages

(Insurance Co.)

一般损害

(保险公司)

General Management综合管理
General Meeting全体大,
Globalisation of business

as an economic evolution

企业全球化 , 业务全球化

作为经演化

Globalisation of an enterprise

that establishes an international presence with local branch or distribution offices

企业全球化

通过本分支分销国际分佈

Globalisation (web sites)

(see localization)

deals mainly with business decisions and strategies – process of creating local or localized versions of web sites

全球 (网站)

(参考本地

主要处商业定及 创造本地本地版本网 站的程序

Goodwill商誉、善意
Gradient变化率
Grand Rights表演音、舞剧等或授
Grant, to给、给、授予

 

H
Half year bonus, biannual bonus半年度、一年二度
Head of Division分部主管
Head of Unit单位主管
HP Hire PurchaseHP – 期付

 

I
Implementing powers执行权实施
Includes provisions on包括提供。。。,包括在
Income收入
Income Profit收益利润
Income Tax所得税
Independent Contractor独立承办商
Industry‘s total world spending行业的界总支出
Inert Substrate惰性基质
In force有效、实施
Informed Consent知情同意
Inland Revenue Department税务局
Inputs, reinputs and outputs输入、新输及输/见、检及效
In rem in immovable property

(see execution in rem (rights in rem) and action in rem)

不动产对物诉讼

(参考物权行(利)及权诉

Insolvency破产、力偿债务
Interest liability/ interest payable债务利/须付利息
Interests on Invested Capital资本投利息资本权益
Internal Audit内部审核
Introduced介绍、出、推介
Investment portfolio投资组合
Investment Trust (or Fund)投资信 (或
Investment wallet投资锦囊
Invitation (to bid)

(procurement)

(竞投

(采购)

 

J
Joint-stock company合股公, 制公
Joint Tenants

(investment)

联权共, 名业

(投资)

Joint Tenants联合租,
Jointly liable共同负责

 

K
Key personnel主要工人员主要人员
Knowhow工业知,

 

L
Landed Cost到岸成本
Leasing租赁
Leasing Sector租赁领域
Ledger purchase

Supplier’s accounts

分类 (购买)

供应商

Ledger sales

Customer’s accounts

分类 (销售)

客户账户

Legal Charge (mortgage)法定押记(按揭)
Legal Instrument法律文件
LETS

Local Exchange Trading Schemes

LETS

地方兑换交易计划

Level Insurance等级保、级
Leverage举债经营
Liabilities债务
Liability Interest债务利息
Licence执照、
Licence holder执照持人、
Licensee持牌人持证
Licensing Authority发牌当, 事务
Licensing Authorization发牌许、发牌权
Limited Liability Company有限责
Liquidity, Shares, Stocks流动资金、股份、证券
Localization

The actual process of making a product suitable for use in a particular target market

本地化

制造适某个定目产品的际程序

Logistic Procedures物流程序
Long hire长期租用
Long-term interest rate长期利率

 

M
Made a killing赚大钱获暴
Manager主管、经理
Money judgment or award (of costs)价款判決(成本),货币决或裁决
Mortgage按揭
Mortgage Lender按揭贷款人
Motion (proposal)动议(建议书)
Municipal tax

(Local tax)

议会税市政

(地方

 

N
National Fund国家基金
Niche Market利基市 (瞄准机会的场)
Nominal amount/面额

 

O
Open competition公开竞争
Open Fund (Closed Fund)开放基 (封闭基金)
Open market desk公开市
Output输出、产品
Outsourced resources外购资、外
Overdraft透支

 

P
P&L Profits & LossesP&L 损益
Participation Bonds共同发
Participation Units参股单位
Partner companies

(affiliated companies)

伙伴公、合

(相关公司)

Partner Programme合伙计、伙
Patrimonial balance继承余数
Payroll工资名、工总支薪总
Percentage of disablement残疾百分比
Performance

see execution

业绩表现

参考:施、

PIN NumberPIN 人密
Policy (insurance)保单(保险)
Policy implementation策略实施
Politics of compromise + the mien of ingratiation妥协政的样子
Portfolio

commodities, gold, etc…

文件夹证券资组

商品、金、

Powers权利,权力
Precarious credit高危贷款
Preferred private stockholders首选私股额
Prices / Turnover

(Stock Exchange)

/额、

(证劵易)

Price-taking

(procurement)

受价,格回

(采购)

Private Limited-Liability Co.私人有责任公司
Profit Sharing分红制
Property Insurance产业保、房
Pro rata consolidation按比例合并
Provisional Tax on Financial Transactions财务交的暂
Provision of, the提供的服务等)
Public Enterprise

see State Enterprise

公共企业

参考:营企业

Public notice

(procurement)

公告

(采购)

 

R
R & D Research and DevelopmentR&D 究与发展
Rainy Day Fund后备基、储
Receivership, in接管、产管、破
Reconversion恢复原状
Registered Office已登记
Regulations规例
Regulatory requirements规管性规定
Reorganization Plan重组计划
Repeal废除
Reply paid复电费付、付回封)
Reserves from Asset Revaluation资产项值重的储
Resident, International + Foreign Funds国内、际与外资
Resign (to)辞职、放弃
Revenue收入、收益
Revocation

see withdrawing

撤销

参考:

Role角色
Rooted deep

(or deeply rooted)

根深蒂固

(或深的、以拔的)

Rule, by管理,由
Rule, to lay down a条规,制定
Rule out排除
Rules规则、规章

 

S
Sanctionary + Preventive Techniques制裁及范技;附及防范措施
Savings Account储蓄户口
Scheme of Arrangements债务偿
Second set of books

to get away from taxes

另类参二套

以避开

Securities market证券市场
SelfEmployed

see sole trader

自雇人士

参考:立商人

Set Up Charge设立费、设
Settlement members

see trading members

结算成员

参考:易成员

Shake-up权宜之、人
Shares股份
Shares basket股票组
Sharing Units分元、享单
Small Commercial Companies Assistance Fund小型商企业助基
SME Small to Medium Enterprise

(plural SMEs)

SME 中小型企业

(复数上)

Sole Trader

(see Self employed)

独立商,个经营

(参考自雇士)

Solely单独
Specification Agreement

(Tendering)

规格协议

(投标)

Spokesman代言人发言
Spot Audit突击审、现
Standalone service独立服务
Standard compliance/agreement专业标/协议
Standards标准、准则
State Enterprise

see Public Enterprise

国营企业

参考:共企业

Statutes

(constitution of a company)

规程

(公司程)

Stock Exchange rates证券交易率
Stocks股票、证券
Stocks and Shares证券与股票
Strike

(stock exchange)

罢工

(证券易)

Surcharge

overcharge, overloading

附加费

讨价过、超载

 

T
Tax Accounting税务会计
Tax Deductible可减免课税
Tax invoice纳税单据
Tax Payers ID Card纳税人份证
Tax Payers Reference Number纳税人编号
Tenancies of immovable property不动产
Terms and Conditions (contract)

Articles and Conditions of a Contract

see Specification Agreement (Tendering)

条款及(合约)

合约中条文条件 参考:格协(投

Terms and Conditions (website)条款及(网站)
Think Tanks

Group of managers get together to solve problems

智囊团

为解决题而集在主管

Third System Financial Instruments第三系金融工具
Time Management时间管理
Timeshare Basis以分时使用方
Total price contracting

(procurement)

总价包干

(采购)

Trade贸易
Trading members

(Stock Exchange)

see settlement members

交易成员

(证劵易) 参考:算成员

Training Sessions培训课程
Transmuted使变质
Trust Bonds信用债、信
Trusteeship system托管系统
Turnover成交额营业

 

U
Underwriter Insurance Company包销 保险公司
Unilateral demands单方索求
Unincorporated associations非法团组织
Unit price contracting

(procurement)

单价承包

(采购)

Upregulation

see down-regulation

向上调、增调节

参考:下调、减调节

Uproar

(Hubbub)

骚动、喧嚣

(嘈杂说话、骚

 

V
VAT (Value Added Tax)VAT (增值税)
VAT Registration Number增值税

 

W
Waiver of a claim豁免索赔
WAP (Wireless Application Protocol)WAP (线应)
Warrants (Autonomous)

(Stock Exchange)

Eg. Call Warrants / Put Warrants

授权证(自主的),

(证劵易) 例如:购权证/沽权证

Well received bill账单
Went heavily into debt严重负债
White Paper

official terminology

白皮书

官方术语

Withdrawal (revocation)

eg. of an authorization see Repeal

撤销

例如:销授权 参考:

Wireless banking无线银
Workflow工作流程
Workhorse驮马、粗工、重,主力
World-class Financial Centres世界级融中

 

Y
Young Entrepreneurs Assistance Fund青年企家援

 

Z
Zunks一种投方式多见