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Mandarin Glossary – Health Options

for Public Service Interpreting

 

A
A & E (Accident & Emergency)

Casualty at Hospital

急诊室

急诊室

Abdominal pain

(sharp, dull, cramp)

腹痛

(尖锐剧痛迟钝痛、挛绞)

Abscess脓肿
Accumulate聚集、
ACE Inhibitors

(for High Blood Pressure)

血管紧素转酶抑

(于高血)

Acidic Indigestion胃酸型化不良
Acquired后天的
Addiction成瘾
Adenocarcinoma

Primary lung cancer

腺癌

主要是

Adenoids and tonsils扁桃腺
ADH (Antidiuretic hormone)抗利尿
Admission接收、
Afterbirth胞衣,盘胎膜
Afterpains

see Braxton Hicks

产后(缩)痛

希克氏症

Age Limits年龄限制
Ages年龄
Agoraphobia广场恐、矿恐怖
AIDS艾滋病获得免疫合症
Ailment病、恙
Airway impairment气道损伤
Albumin
Alcohol abuse酒精滥用
Algologist

Specialist in treatment of pain

疗疼痛专科
Alimentary canal消化道
Allergen变应原过敏原
Allergies变态反性、
Allowance for the Attendance of

Special Education Establishments

参加特教育构的
Alopecia脱发
Alzheimers Disease阿尔海默症,年性
Amalgam

(Composite)

汞齐、合金

混合物

Amniocentesis羊膜腔穿刺术
Amniotic Fluid羊水
Anaesthetist麻醉师
Anaphalactic shock过敏性
Anaphylaxis过敏反、过
Anastomosis

see fistula

吻合、合术

Angina Pectoris心绞痛
Angiogram

(or Angiography)

血管造影

(或血管造)

Ankylosing Spondylitis强直性柱炎
Anorexia

see Bulimia

食欲缺、厌食

参考:食症食欲

Antenatal出生前的
Ante Natal care

see Pregnancy Book

产前护理

参考:娠记

AnteNatal Clinic产前门诊
Antepartum Beds分娩床位
Anthrax

Anthrax is the name of the bacteria

炭疽

炭疽是个细的名字

Antibodies

their production develops immunity

抗体

产物提免疫

Antihistamine抗组织胺药
Armpit腋窝
Aortic valve主动脉瓣
Aphasia

(loss of speech after a brain disease)

失语症

(患有脑疾病丧失)

Apnoea无呼吸呼吸
Appendicitis阑尾炎
Areola晕,中点周不同环形区
ARM

(Artificial rupture of the membranes)

人工破

(人工破膜术)

Arthritis关节炎
Arthroscopy关节镜
Artificial Respiration

(see CPR)

人工呼吸

(参考:心复苏)

Asbestos石棉
Assessment评估
Assessor (DSS)评估员(保障部)
Asthma气喘、
Asthma attack哮喘、喘发作
Anonymous Testing Centres ATC匿名测中心
Atheroma动脉粥硬化粉瘤
Athletes Foot脚癣
Atopic Eczema播散性经性皮炎
Atrial Fibrillation心房颤动
Atrium心房
Audiogram (Audiometer)

see Otoscopy

听力图()

耳镜

Audiometry测听、听测定
Auditory nerve听觉神经
Autosome

see familial polyposis

常染色体

参考:族性肉病

Awarded给予、予、

 

B
Babies with jaundice黄疸病
Baby Blues产后抑郁
Baby Clinic健儿门诊
Baby colic婴儿疝、婴腹绞痛
Bacillus杆菌
Background Medical history

see Case History

背景资——历记录

参考:病历

Back passage (Rectum)直肠(直肠)
Balloon Angioplasty气囊血成形术
Bandage绷带
Barium
Barium enema钡剂灌肠
BCG vaccine卡介苗
Bed pan床上便盆
Bed rails床支架
Bed Sores (or pressure sores)褥疮(或压疮)
Bed Wetting (enuresis)尿床(遗尿)
Belching (or burping)嗳气(或打嗝)
Benefit for Specific Risks特定风的收益
Benefits福利
Benefits Agency (BA)

(DSS dept. responsible for the administration of benefits)

福利机构

(社会保障负责种福的管理)

Benefits in kind (DSS)

(**sin. Benefits in Cash)

实物收益 会保)

(参考现金)

Benign

see malignant

良性的

参考:性的

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia良性前腺增生
Benign Prostatic hypertrophy良性前腺肥大
Bereavement哀丧、亡、失亲之痛
Bile胆汁
Bilirubin胆红素
Biopsy活组织
Birth Control节育、育控、计生育
Birth Defect出生缺、先缺陷
Birthmark胎记
Birth Record Booklet出生记手册
Bismuth
Black out(脑中氧引时性前昏性失知觉
Bladder膀胱
Blind spot盲点
Blisters水疱、肿、
Bloating膨胀、气胀
Blockage阻滞、
Blood-borne pathogens血液传的病
Blood clot血块、
Blood Clotting凝血作用
Blood Count血球计、血胞计数
Blood Glucose Monitoring System血糖测糖监系统
Blood Pressure血压
Blood stream血流
Blood test验血
Blood & Urine Specimens血液及尿液样本
Blood vessel血管
Blurred vision视觉模、视障碍
BMI (Body Mass Index)(身高体重(体重)
Body having to be transferred必须被移的
Boils疮、疖子
Bone marrow骨髓
Bonus for Reason of Disability伤残补贴
Bony Spines骨脊柱
Booster (vaccine)强化物追加()
Bouts of breathlessness发作呼急促吸困难
Bovine spongiform encephalitis (BSE)牛海绵()
Bowels肠、内脏
Bow legs and knock-kneesO型腿和X型腿弓型腿和膝内翻)
Braces背带、支架
Brachial artery肱动脉
Brain damage脑损伤
Brain nervous system脑神经
Brain Stem脑干
Braxton Hicks Contractions无痛子怀孕歇性轻宫缩
Breast Cancer乳腺癌
Breast feed, to母乳
Breast feeding母乳喂养
Breast Screening乳腺癌
Breech Birth臀位分娩
Breech presentation臀先露后肢
Bridge
Brittle易碎的易损
Broken skin受损皮肤
Bronchiole细支气管
Bronchitis支气管炎
Bronchogenic carcinoma

Primary lung cancer

(smokers or nonsmokers)

支气管癌

早期肺癌

(吸烟者与吸烟)

Bronchoscopy支气管检查
Bronchus支气管
Bruising瘀伤、伤、下出血
BSE

(Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy)

see CJD

疯牛病

(牛海绵状)

参考:雅氏病

Buccal cavity颊腔
Build up建立、结、进、
Bulimia (Bingeeating)贪食症(狂吃)
Bunions拇趾粘囊肿大
Bursitis粘液囊炎
Bypass Operation旁路手、旁转流术
Bypass Operation (Heart)旁路手术()

 

C
Caecum盲肠
Caesarean剖腹产的
Calculi (stones)结石(石块)
Calluses
Calpol

(see paracetemol)

对乙酰基酚

(息痛)

Campylobacter enteritis弯曲菌
Cancer of the Cervix宫颈癌
Cannabis大麻
Cannula插管、
CAPD (Continuous ambulatory

Peritoneal dialysis)

非致床续性膜透(续不卧腹膜)
Carcinogen致癌物
Cardiac Arrest心脏停搏
Cardiology心脏病学
Cardiomyopathy

(Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy)

心肌病

(肥厚型梗性心)

Care at home居家护理
Caries (tooth decay)龋齿(蛀牙)
Carpal bone腕骨
Case history病史、
Cash Benefits现金支、现福利
Casualty事故、外伤
Cataracts

(see lens of the eye)

白内障

(参考:眼的晶)

Catheter导管
Cell Damage细胞损坏
Centile百分位数
Cephalic presentation头先露
Cerebral palsy大脑性
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)脑脊髓液(脊液)
Cervical pain颈痛、颈痛
Cervical Screening子宫颈筛检查
Cervical vertebrae (neck)

see lumbar vertebrae

颈椎(脖子)

腰椎

Cervix颈部、宫颈
Chapped or broken skin皮肤皲或受损
Check up检查
Chest cavity胸腔
Chest infection胸腔感染
Chest Tightness胸部紧
Chest Xray胸透视胸腔X
Chickenpox

see smallpox, measles

水痘

参考:花、

Chilblain冻疮
Childcare幼儿保育
Child Benefit儿童津、儿福利
Child Maintenance儿童抚
Childminder照看孩褓母
Children with learning disabilities有学习碍的
Childrens Home

Orphanage or Boarding School

儿童福

孤儿院寄宿

Child Support Agency (CSA)(英)童援
Chiropodist手足病
Chitosan壳聚糖
Chlamydia衣原体
Choke气哽、阻、
Cholangiography胆管造
Cholecystectomy胆囊切
Chondritis软骨炎软骨病
Chorionic villus sampling绒毛膜毛取样
Cigarette smoking吸烟
Cirrhosis of the liver肝硬化
Clearout (incision)清理(切口)
Clearout (2)清理、(2)
CJD

see BSE

克雅氏病

参考:牛病

Clavicle (collarbone)锁骨(锁骨)
Claw Foot爪形足
Clearance清除率
Cleft Palate腭裂
Clinical Psychologist临床心医生
Clip (to measure oxygen level)小夹子(测量氧量)
Clog阻碍、
Cloning克隆、性繁殖
Club foot畸形足内外足
Clumsiness笨拙、
CNS (Central Nervous System)

consists of the encephalon (brain) contained within the cranium and the medulla spinalis (spinal cord)

中枢神系统

颅腔中(大脑)脊髓()组成

Coarse hair粗毛
Coccyx尾骨
Cochlea耳蜗
Coil or IUD

see Hormonal Intrauterine system

避孕环宫内育器

参考:宫内素系统

Cold

see Influenza

寒、感冒

参考:行性

Cold Sore

see Herpes simplex virus

感冒疮唇疱疹

参考:纯性疹病毒

Colitis结肠炎
Collapsed lung肺萎陷
Collarbone (clavicle)锁骨(锁骨)
Colon结肠
Colonoscope结肠镜
Colonoscopy

Visual exam of the colon

结肠镜

肠的可检查

Colostomy结肠造
Colostrum初乳
Colour blind色盲
Colposcopy

Visual exam of the vagina and cervix

阴道镜

道及子颈的视检查

Community Mental Health Nurses社区精健康
Community Mental Health Team社区精健康
Community Midwife社区助
Community Nurse社区护士
Community Psychiatric Nurse社区精科护士
Concave & Convex Lenses凹凸镜
Condom (Sheath)避孕套()
Congenital先天的天生的
Congenital absence limbs先天性端残缺
Consent Form知情同
Constant Attendance Supplement随时护补助
Constipation便秘
Consultant顾问、诊医、顾医生
Contact Lenses隐形眼镜
Continence节制、
Continence Nurse

see Incontinence

专业失者看护

参考:失禁

Contraception避孕
Contraceptive避孕药避孕的
Contributory Schemes供款计划
Contusions, bruise挫伤,
Corns鸡眼
Coronary Artery By-Pass冠状动旁路
Coronary Bypass冠脉旁路
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)冠状动心脏(心病)
Coronary Insufficiency冠状动功能
Coronary Surgery冠脉手术
Cot death syndrome婴儿猝
CPR

(Cardiopulmonary resuscitation)

心肺复苏

(心肺复苏术)

Cradle Cap

sin. Infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis

乳痂

儿期溢性皮炎

Cramp痛性痉挛
Craniotomy颅骨切术、穿颅术
Cremaster Muscle提睾肌
Cremation火葬
CRF (The Code of Federal Regulations)联邦法汇编
CRF’s (Case Report Forms)病历告表
Crohn’s Disease克罗恩、节肠炎
Crown (on tooth)牙冠(牙齿)
Crow’s feet鱼尾纹
Crush Injuries

sin. Crush Syndrome

挤压伤

参考:压综

Crutch拐杖
CT Scan

(Computerised Tomography Scanning)

电脑断扫描
Cut out切除、
Cyst囊肿
Cystic Fibrosis囊性纤
Cystitis (inflammation of the bladder)膀胱炎(的炎症)
Cystoscope膀胱镜
Cystoscopy膀胱镜

 

D
Damage损伤
Dandruff头皮屑
Day Centres日间照中心
Day care centre日托托所、间护中心
Day Nursery日间托
Day patient日间就患者
Day Hospitals日托医、日医院医院
D & C (Dilation and Curettage)扩张宫刮宫术
Death Grant丧葬补
Defibrillator心房(
Delusions妄想
Dengue登革热
Dependent children or their equivalent受抚养女或等关系
Dermatology (Skin)皮肤病学()
Dettox (from drugs)戒除(毒品)
Dettox (with methadone)戒毒(用美)
Development checks发展进检查
Diabetes mellitus糖尿病
Diabetic coma糖尿病
Diabetic Pregnancy糖尿病
Dialysis透析
Diaphragm
Diarrhoea腹泻
Dietician营养师
Diminished mobility活动性
Disability Allowance伤残津贴
Disability Living Allowance伤残生补助
Disabled (invalid) Pension残疾人(病人)养老金
Discharge (from hospital)(从医院)出院
Discharge (from wound)(受伤)伤口泌物
Discharge (from vagina)(阴道)分泌物
Disease

an objective condition for the physician

疾病

医生诊的客状态

Dislocations, Sprains and Strains错位脱、扭及劳损
District Nurse乡村巡护士
Diverticulitis憩室炎
Diverticulosis憩室病
Diverticulum憩室
Dizziness头晕、
Doppler Study多普勒究)
Down Syndrome唐氏综
Dressing包扎、
Drip滴注
Drool流口水
Droplets液滴、
Drowsiness困倦
Drug Prevention Advisory Service戒毒指服务
Dry Skin干性皮肤
DSS

(Department of Social Security)

社保部门

(社会保)

Due date (for birth)预产期(产而言)
Duodenal ulcer十二指溃疡
Dust mites尘螨
Dutch cap阴道隔子宫帽
Dysphagia吞咽困难
Dysentery痢疾

 

E
Ear canal耳道
Ear Drum耳鼓膜
Early Detection早期发现
Early Retirement Pension (With Bonus)提前退休养(附带补助)
Early treatment治疗
ECG心电图
Echocardiography超声心描记术
Ectopic pregnancy异位妊、宫
Eczema湿疹
EEG脑电图
ELA (Esclerose Lateral Amiotrófica)

=Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

肌肉萎性侧硬化症
Elderly patients老年病人
Electroencephalography

also called EEG

脑电图学

称脑电图

Emergency Line紧急
Emotional abuse精神虐待
Emphysema气肿、气肿
Encephalitis脑炎
Endocrinology

Hormones (Glands)

内分泌学

(腺体)

Endoscopic surgery内窥镜查手术
Enema灌肠剂
Engagement衔接、儿进产位
Enlarged扩大的扩展的
ENT (Ear, Nose & Throat)耳鼻喉科
Enteral feeding bottle study肠道喂研究
Enteritis肠炎小肠炎
Entitlement授权、资格
Epidural硬膜外的
Episiotomy会阴切术、阴切
Erectile Dysfunction勃起功障碍
Erythrocyte红细胞红血球
Eustachian Tube耳咽管
Evaluating organs评价机构
Extendable可展开、可张的长的
External Ear外耳、
Eyeball眼球
Eye drops滴眼剂
Eyelashes眼睫毛
Eyelids眼睑
Eye shield Eye drops罩式滴
Eye socket眼窝

 

F
Failure衰竭
Fainting晕厥
Familial Polyposis

see autosome

家族性肉病

参考:染色体

Family Assistance家庭补
Family Case Worker家庭个工作者
Family Medical History

see case history

家族病史

参考:病历

Family Planning Clinic计划生诊所
Family Support家庭支持
Feverish发热、
Filling (tooth)填料(牙用)
First Aider急救人员
Fistula瘘、瘘管
Fit发作、
Flat Foot扁平足
Flat Rate Monthly Benefit固定费津贴
Flatulence (wind)气胀、肠气()
Fleas跳蚤
Floppy松软的松弛垂的
Flu and cold流感与
Flu vaccine流感疫苗
Flushes潮热
Foetal Distress胎儿窘迫
Folic Acid叶酸
Follow up Consultations跟进咨询
Fontanele囟门
Food Poisoning食物中毒
Foot to Mouth Disease口蹄疫
Forceps Delivery产钳分娩
Formal Complaints Book正式投
Foster Family寄养家庭
Fostering哺育
Fractures骨折
Fracture Comminuted粉碎性
Fracture compound开放性
Fracture greenstick

(common in children)

绿枝性

(见于儿童)

Fracture impacted嵌入式
Fracture stress应力性
Frames (glasses)框架(眼镜)
Functional disorder功能性病、能障能异常
Funeral Grant

(one lump sum)

抚恤金葬礼助金

(次性支)

Funeral Payment葬礼费用
Fungic Infection真菌感染

 

G
Gallbladder胆囊
Gallstones胆结石
Gargles漱口剂
Gastric ulcer胃溃疡
General Anaesthetic全身麻醉
General Social Security Scheme全面社保障
Gene replacement therapy基因替疗法
Genetic make up遗传组合
Genetic modified foods转基因
Geriatric

(Elderly People)

老年医、老病学

()

German Measles (rubella)

see Rash

风疹(风疹)

Gingivitis牙龈炎
Glandular fever腺热、染性核白
Glaucoma青光眼
Glucose Tolerance test葡萄糖量测试
Glue Ear胶耳、鼓管
Glue sniffing上瘾;美)胶毒
Goitre, goiter甲状腺肿
Gonorrhoea淋病
Gout痛风
GP (General Practitioner)普通开医生全科
Graft移植、植物
Grant

(eg. DSS grant)

补助金

(例如社保门的)

Gratuitous Torture无根据折磨
Grief悲伤
Groin腹股沟
Grommets垫圈、属孔眼
GUM Clinic泌尿生科诊所
Guthrie / PKU Test格思里/丙酮尿症
Gynaecology

(Reproductive system)

妇科学

(殖系)

 

H
Haematemesis呕血、血、
Haemodialysis血液透、血渗析
Haemophilia血友病
Hakim & Adams Syndrome亚综合、正颅压积水
Halitosis口臭
Hand-held urinals手提式便器
Handicapped残疾的弱智的
Hangover宿醉
Hare lip唇裂
Hay Fever

(seasonal allergic rhinitis)

花粉热花粉症

(季节性过性鼻)

Head lice (nits)头虱(虱卵)
Health Adviser健康顾问
Health Authority卫生当局
Health Care卫生保、医保障
Health Centre健康中、卫院、健站
Health Checks健康检、体检
Health Features健康状况
Health Inspector卫生检官、生稽
Health insurance医疗保险
Health Visitor卫生访
Hearing Aid助听器
Heart Attack

Blockage in the coronary arteries, some of the heart muscle dies

心脏病

冠状动堵塞部分

Heart disease心脏病
Heart failure心力衰竭
Heart Imaging心脏影像
Heart Massage心脏按摩
Heart is Pounding心脏剧跳动
Heartburn胃灼热心口
Heelprick test足跟点通常查新生半乳血症)
Help to Family and Child Scheme家庭及童扶计划
Hemiplegia偏瘫、身不遂
Hemoglobin Assay血红蛋测试
Hepatitis in boundary layer表层肝炎
Hepatopathy (liver disease)肝病(肝脏)
Herbalist

Dealer in medicinal herbs

草药商

物药经

Hereditary遗传的
Hereditary Disease遗传性
Hernia Femoral股疝
Hernia Hiatus食管裂
Hernia Inguinal腹股沟疝
Hernia Umbilical脐疝
Herpes (genital)疱疹(生殖)
Herpes simplex单纯疱疹
Herpes simplex virus单纯疱病毒
Hiatus裂孔
Hib vaccine(流感嗜血菌(b)疫苗
Hiccups呃逆、
High blood pressure高血压
High Density Lipoproteins (HDLs)

see Low Density Lipoproteins

高密度蛋白

参考:密度蛋白

High turn over ward高流动病房
Hijacked cell被劫持细胞
Hinge joints屈戌关节
Hip臀部、、髋
Histology组织学
Histolysis组织溶解、织分解
HIV人体免缺陷病毒)
HIV Test人体免缺陷毒测艾滋病毒测
Home care Nurse (or worker)家居护(作者)
Home help家务助理
Home visits家庭访、出诊
Hormonal Intrauterine system子宫内素系统
Hormone Replacement Therapy激素取疗法
Hospice临终关怀医院
Hospital Gown病人袍
Host cell宿主细胞
Hot Flushes潮热
Humanitarian Daily Ration人道主援助日膳
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)人乳头瘤病毒
Hypermetropia

see Myopia

远视

参考:近视

Hyperthyroidism甲状腺能亢进
Hypertrophic obstructive

cardiomyopathy

肥厚型阻性肌病
Hypothyroidism甲状腺不足
Hypo皮下、下、足、低

 

I
Ileostomy (or urostomy)

sin. Ileal Conduit

回肠造(或泌尿系统术的人切口)

参考:肠膀

Ileum (intestine)回肠()
Ill Health不健康
Illness

see Disease

(depends on the subjective perception of the patient)

疾病

疾病(决于者主的个人)

Immunization

see Booster

免疫

Immunosuppressant drugs免疫抑
Impetigo

Contagious bacterial skin infection

脓疱病

触传染皮肤菌感染

Impotence阳痿
Incapacity Benefit伤残补
Incision切口
Income Support收入保津贴收入
Incontinence失禁
Indigestion (dyspepsia)消化不良(化不良)
Induction诱导
Inflammatory Bowel Disease炎性肠病
Influenza流行性
Informed Consent知情同意
In-growing toenail嵌甲
Inhalers吸入器
Inhaler (Blue Reliever)吸入器(蓝色缓解药)
Inhaler (Brown Preventer)吸入器(棕色预防药)
Inlay嵌体、嵌物
Inner Ear内耳
Inpatient住院病人
Intensive Care Unit重症监病房
Intercostal muscle包围肋的肌、肋
Intestinal loop肠襻
In the patient’s best interest以患者佳利为优考虑
Intravenous treatment静脉给药
Irritable Bowel Syndrome肠易激合症
Iron deficiency anaemia缺铁性
Ischaemia缺血
IVP (intravenous pyelography)

(special kidney X-ray)

静脉肾、静造影术

(殊的肾X)

 

J
Japanese Encephalitis乙型脑、日脑炎
Jaundice黄疸
Jaw颚、颌颌骨
Jawbone颚骨、
Jittery神经紧张
Job Centre职业服中心
Job Seekers Allowance

see unemployment benefit

求职者补助

参考:业津贴

Joint关节

 

K
Ketones
Ketonuria酮尿
Keyhole bypass surgery微型切搭桥
Keyhole surgery

see Endoscopic surgery

微型切手术

参考:窥镜查手术

Kick Chart孕妇分前期儿活
Kidneys肾脏
Kidney Stones肾结石
L
Laboratory Test实验室
Labour人工、
Larynx and Pharynx咽喉
Laughing Gas笑气
Lazy Eye弱视
Legionnaire’s disease军团病
Lengthwise纵向
Lens of the eye眼球的状体
Leprosy麻风
Letter of referral推荐信转介信
Lice (louse)

see head lice

头虱

Lifelong终身的
Lifespan寿命、期生命
Lifetime Monthly Benefit终生每福利
Lining (uterus)内膜(子宫)
Lip Read唇语
Lithography平版印
Live Birth婴儿全出、活产
Liver肝脏
Local Health Centre当地卫
Local Practice Nurse当地行护士
Locked-in syndrome闭锁综
Long Sight

see short sight

远视

近视

Long Term Care (LTC)长期护理
Low density Lipoproteins (LDLs)

see High Density Lipoproteins

低密度蛋白

度脂

Lozenges脆性硬、糖锭
Lubricate加油润滑
Lumbar pain腰痛
Lumbar Vertebrae

see thoracic vertebrae

腰椎

胸椎

Luncheon Club午餐俱
Lung
Lung Transplant肺移植
Lymph淋巴
Lymph nodes淋巴结
Lymphocytes淋巴

 

M
MacMilan Nursing Service (specialist)

(are all clinical nurse specialists cancer)

麦克米护理(专科)

(全部是临专科癌症)

Macular disease

(Eye disease)

卵黄状斑变性

(部疾)

Magnetic Resonance Imaging

(MRI Scan)

核磁共成像

(核磁扫描)

Major

see Minor

主要的较多的

参考:要的少数的

Malabsorption Syndrome吸收不综合症
Malaise不适
Malaria疟疾
Malignant恶性的
Malleus锤骨
Mammography (mammogram)乳房X线照(乳房X线)
Manicdepressive illness躁狂抑
Marie Curie Cancer Care Nurse玛丽居癌症理护士
Mastectomy乳房切
Match匹配
Maternity Allowance

(paid by DSS in the UK)

see statutory paternity pay

孕产补助

(英国社保障)

产假薪酬

Maternity Grant

(In UK lump sum of £300 paid before or upto 60 days after the birth)

孕产基金

(在英国—一笔 300 的款项产前产后 60 )

Maternity, Paternity

and Adoption Benefits

孕产亲子领养
Meals on wheels上门送服务
Measles

see German Measles

麻疹

参考:风疹

Meconium胎粪
Medical Deliberation医学评议
Medical Officer卫生官员
Melanoblastoma成黑素胞瘤
Melanoma黑色素瘤
Meningitis脑膜炎
Menstrual Cycle Period月经周——经期
Mental illnesses心理疾、精
Metastasis转移
Meter dose Inhaler定量吸
Microorganisms微生物
Middle ear中耳
Midwife助产士
Migraine偏头痛
Mild laxative缓和的便药
Milk Teeth乳牙
Milk Vouchers牛奶票券
Minor少数的次要、未年者
Miscarriage流产
Mitral valve二尖瓣
MMR Vaccine麻疹腮腺炎风疹合疫苗
Monitoring (1)监测(1)
Monitoring (2)

(eg. Mother to be is put on the monitor)

监测(2)

(例如临产妇应)

Morning After Pill事后避
Morning Sickness早孕反、孕晨吐
Mother & Toddlers Club母婴俱
Motor Neurone Disease (MND)运动神元疾病
Mourn, to哀悼(向某人)
Mourning, to be in悲痛、
Mouthto-mouth resuscitation嘴对嘴工呼吸
Multicentre Study多中心
Multiple Sclerosis多发性
Mumps流行性腺炎
Murmur心脏杂音
Muscular dystrophy肌肉萎
Mustard Operation马斯塔手术
Myasthenia Gravis重症肌
Myocardial infarction心肌梗死
Myofibroma肌纤维瘤
Myopia, myopy

Short-sighted, near-sighted

近视,

视的,视的

 

N
NCT National Childbirth trust国家生基金
Nebuliser喷雾剂
Neglected被忽视的
Nephrons肾元、单位
Nervous breakdown神经失、神崩溃
Nettle Rashes风疹、麻疹
Neural tube defect神经管
Neurology and Neurosurgery

(Brain)

神经病和神外科

()

Neurosis

see Psychosis

神经症神经能病

参考:神病

NHS (National Health Service)全民健制度(健康障服务)
NHS Card全民健
NHS Direct全民健电话务直线
NHS Trust全民健
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)新生儿症监治疗
Night Sweats盗汗
Nil by Mouth切勿吞食
Nipples乳头
Nocturia夜尿症遗尿症
Non-continuous不连续的
Non-Contributory Schemes不必摊公积的计/供款的福利计划
Nose Studs and Tongue Studs鼻钉和
NSAIDs (Non-steroidal

antiinflammatory drugs) (gels and creams)

非甾体(体抗)

(胶和乳)

Numbness麻木
Nursery Nurse保育员
Nursery places保育室
Nursery places

(First School)

托儿所

() (初学校)

Nursery Teachers托儿所
Nursing Staff护理人员

 

O
Obsessive-compulsive disorder强迫性经失、强
Obstetrics (Pregnancy)产科学(怀妊娠)
Occupational Diseases

eg. Repetitive strain injury

职业病

(例如重复)

Occupational Therapists职业治
Oesophagus (gullet)食道(食管)
OldAge Pension退休金养老金
Ombudsman巡查员调查员舞查员
Oncology (Cancer)肿瘤学(癌症)
Oncology screening肿瘤筛查
Onslaught猛攻、
Open-heart surgery心内直手术开心
Operative Record手术记录
Ophthalmic Practitioner眼科医生
Ophthalmology (Eye Care)眼科学(保健)
Optician(眼科眼镜师
Orphans Pension孤儿津贴
Orthodontics正牙学口腔畸学
Orthoptic clinic矫正视的诊所
Osteoporosis骨质疏
Otoscopy (Otoscope)耳镜检查()
Outbreaks爆发
Outpatient门诊病人
Ovariectomy卵巢切
Overload, to过负荷
Over the counter medicines非处方药
Own accord自行、

 

P
Pacemaker起搏器起搏点
Paediatrics and Geriatrics儿科学老年
Pain Killing Drugs镇痛药
Palliative Care Nurses姑息性疗护、舒护士
Pallor苍白
Palpation

Examination by touch

触诊

(过接触)

Panic Attacks惊恐发作
Papilloma乳头状瘤
Paracetemol

(eg. Calpol)

扑热息痛

(如对乙氨基)

Paralysis麻痹、
Paraplegia截瘫
Parkinson’s Disease帕金森
Partially sighted弱视
Patella

(knee cap)

髌骨

()

Patient’s record患者记、病历
Peak Flow Meter (asthma)最大流(气喘哮喘)
Pelvic bone髋骨、
Pelvic Clearance

see ovariectomy

骨盆清除

(参考:卵切除术)

Pelvic floor骨盆底
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)盆腔炎
Pelvis (hip)

(Ileum, Sacrum, Coccyx)

骨盆(臀部)

(肠、骶、尾)

Peptic Ulcer胃溃疡消化溃疡
Percentage of disablement残疾百
Perennial Allergic Rhinitis

(Hay fever sufferers have these symptoms throughout the year)

常年性应性

(花粉热患全年有这)

Pericarditis心包炎
Periodontal disease牙周病
Period Pains痛经
Pernicious anaemia恶性贫血
Personal Record Book个人记手册
Pertussis

(whooping cough)

百日咳

(百日咳)

Pharmacist/Pharmaceutic药剂师/药剂、制
Phlegm
Physical abuse

see sexual + emotional abuse

躯体虐待

+精神虐待

Physical bodily harm身体伤害
Physically disabled身体残疾
Physiotherapist理疗医师
Pin or Plate大头针金属
Pins & needles大头针针头
Pituitary gland垂体腺脑垂体
Pityriasis Rosea玫瑰糠疹
Phenylketonuria (PKU) Test

(Heelprick blood test)

苯酮尿

(脚后跟跟血液)

Placenta胎盘
Plague瘟疫、
Plaster cast石膏绷带
Platelets血小板
Playgroups (or Playschool)幼儿园(儿园)
PMT Premenstrual Tension经前紧
Pneumococcal disease肺链球疾病
Pollen花粉
Poliomylitis (Polio)小儿麻(脊髓质炎)
Polyp息肉
Porter (in Hospital)门卫()
Port-wine Stain酒色斑焰色痣
Post-mortem examination死后检查
Postnatal Depression

(more severe than Baby Blues)

产后抑

(一般的后抑更严)

Post-operativ<